# Anglicized title(s) Arabic title(s) English title(s) Number of verses Place of Revelation Main theme Juz’
1 Al-Fatiha ٱلْفَاتِحَة
al-Fātiḥah al Hamd
The Opening, The Opening of the Divine Writ, The Essence of the Divine Writ, The Surah of Praise, The Foundation of the Qur’an, andThe Seven Oft-Repeated [Verses] 7 (1) Makkah
  • The “seed” of the whole Qur’ān
2 Al-Baqarah ٱلْبَقَرَة
The Calf, The Cow 286 (40) Madinah
  • The necessity of God-consciousness.
  • The error(s) committed by followers of earlier revelations.
  • Legal ordinances (ethics, social relations, warfare etc.).
  • Ibrahim.
  • Kaaba.
  • Ayatul Kursi. (v. 255)
3 Al Imran آلِ عِمْرَان
ʾĀl ʿImrān
The Family of Imraan, The House of ʿImrān 200 (20) Madinah
  • The human nature of Isa.
  • The oneness of Allah.
  • Man’s faith and temptations.
  • The Battle of Uhud (3 AH).
4 An-Nisa ٱلنِّسَاء
The Women 176 (24) Madinah
  • Unity of the human race and the mutual obligations of men and women towards one another. (v. 1)
  • Rights of women.
  • Questions related to family life (including marriage and inheritance).
  • Peace and war.
  • Relations of believers with unbelievers.
  • Striving in the Cause of Allah (Jihad). (v. 95-97)
5 Al-Ma’idah ٱلْمَائِدَة
The Food, The Repast, The Table 120 (16) Madinah
  • A series of ordinances (incl. Religious rites and social obligations).
  • Corruption of the original message of the Injil by Jews and Christians. (v. 68-77, 116-118)
  • Jesus’ disciples asked God to send them a table  from heaven
6 Al-An’am ٱلْأَنْعَام
The Cattle 165 (20) Makkah
  • This sūrah dwells on such themes as rejecting polytheism and unbelief, the establishment of Tawhīd, the Revelation, Messengership, and Resurrection.
7 Al-A’raf ٱلْأَعْرَاف
The Heights, The Faculty of Discernment 206 (24) Makkah
  • The mission of the prophets.
  • Adam, Hawwa and Iblis. (v. 16-25)
  • Stories of Nuh, Hud, Salih, Lut, Shuáyb and Musa. (v. 59-171)
  • Allah’s Covenant with humanity. (v. 172)
  • What happens to those who discard Allah’s message. (v. 175)
8 Al-Anfal ٱلْأَنْفَال
The Spoils of War 75 (10) Madinah
  • The Battle of Badr and the lessons that are to be taken from it
  • Instructs believers in topics such us jihādhijrah, the law of war, treaties, gains of war, patience, mutual helping and solidarity, and reliance on God.
9 At-Tawbah ٱلتَّوْبَة
The Repentance 129 (16) Madinah
  • Problems of war between believers and their enemies.
  • The expedition to Tabuk (9 A.H.).
  • Prohibition of intercalation in the Islamic lunar calendar(v. 37)
  • Those who cannot attain to faith. (v. 124-127)
10 Yunus يُونُس
Jonah 109 (11) Makkah
  • The revelation of the Qur’an to Muhammad (not Muhammad’s own work). (v. 15-17, 37-38, 94)
  • References to earlier prophets.
  • Fundamental tenets of Islam.
11 Hud هُود
Hud 123 (10) Makkah
  • The revelation of God’s will through his prophets.
  • More stories of earlier prophets.
  • Just dealings between men.
12 Yusuf يُوسُف
Joseph 111 (12) Makkah
  • The story of the prophet Joseph (as an illustration of God’s unfathomable direction of men’s affairs).
  • Tells us of the truth contained in dreams
13 Ar-Ra’d ٱلرَّعْد
The Thunder 43 (6) Madinah
  • The essentials of faith, and the arguments for faith found in “nature” and humanity.
14 Ibrahim إِبْرَاهِيم
Abraham 52 (7) Makkah
  • In verse 5, Moses’ mission
  • Declares that the Qur’ān was sent to Muhammad  to lead humankind out of the depths of darkness into the light, thus stressing the universality of his mission.
15 Al-Hijr ٱلْحِجْر
The Rocky Tract, The Stoneland, The Rock City, Al-Hijr 99 (6) Makkah
  • The evidence of God’s Existence and Oneness, and the Divine authorship of the Qur’ān.
  • The exemplary events of previous peoples.
16 An-Nahl ٱلنَّحْل
The Honey Bees, The Bee 128 (16) Makkah
  • God’s creativeness:
    • Manifested in the instincts of the bee.
    • Culmination: Guidance through his revealed word.
17 Al-Isra ٱلْإِسْرَاء
The Night Journey 111 (12) Makkah
  • Muhammad’s Night journey from Mecca to Jerusalem.
  • The children of Israel. (v. 2-8, 101-104)
18 Al-Kahf ٱلْكَهْف
The Cave 110 (12) Makkah
  • A series of parables or allegories on the theme of faith in God versus excessive attachment to the life of this world. Including:
    • The men of the cave. (v. 13-20)
    • The rich man and the poor man. (v. 32-44)
    • Moses and the unnamed sage. (v. 60-82)
    • The allegory of Dhu’l-Qarnayn, the Two-Horned One’. (v. 83-98)
19 Maryam مَرْيَم
Mary 98 (6) Makkah
  • The story of Zachariah and his son John, the precursor of Jesus. (v. 2-15)
  • The story of Mary and Jesus. (v. 16-37)
20 Ta-Ha طه
Ṭāʾ Hāʾ
Ṭāʾ Hāʾ (a name of Muhammad) 135 (8) Makkah
  • The guidance offered by God through his prophets.
  • The fundamental truths inherent in all revealed religions are identical.
    • The story of Moses. (v. 9-98)
21 Al-Anbiya ٱلْأَنْبِيَاء
The Prophets 112 (7) Makkah
  • The oneness, uniqueness and transcendence of God.
  • The continuity and intrinsic unity of all divine revelation.
    • Stories of the prophets of old. (v. 48-91)
    • The believers of all faiths belong to one single community. (v. 92)
22 Al-Hajj ٱلْحَجّ
The Pilgrimage, The Hajj 78 (10) Madinah
  • The Mecca pilgrimage and some of the rituals connected with it. (v. 25-38)
  • It warns new believers, who might waver and be unwilling to persevere through some of the hardships that accepting a new faith naturally entails.
23 Al-Mu’minun ٱلْمُؤْمِنُون
The Believers 118 (6) Makkah
  • True faith.
  • The evidence of the existence of an almighty Creator, and man’s ultimate responsibility before Him.
  • The unity of all religious communities, broken by man’s egotism, greed and striving after power. (v. 52-53)
  • The impossibility to believe in God, without believing in life after death.
24 An-Nur ٱلنُّور
The Light 64 (9) Madinah
  • Rules concerning relations between the sexes, and members of a family and society
  • The mystic parable of the ‘light of God’ (“Verse of Light”). (v. 35)
  • Declaring the chastity and innocence of ‘Â’ishah
25 Al-Furqan ٱلْفُرْقَان
The Criterion, The Standard, The Standard of True and False 77 (6) Makkah
  • The purpose of every divine revelation is to provide a stable criterion of true and false.
  • The humanness of every apostle sent by God to man. (v. 20)
  • Divine revelation belongs to God’s creative activity.
26 Ash-Shu’ara ٱلشُّعَرَاء
The Poets 227 (11) Makkah
  • It rejects the Makkans’ claim that the Messenger  was a poet and that the Qur’ān is the work of a poet.
  • Man’s weakness, which causes him to reject God’s message and worship power and wealth etc.
27 An-Naml ٱلنَّمْل
The Ant, The Ants 93 (7) Makkah
  • The legend of king Solomon and queen of Sheba.
28 Al-Qasas ٱلْقَصَص
The Narrations, The Stories, The Story 88 (9) Makkah
  • Concerned with the Prophet Moses’ life and mission
  • Contains glad tidings for God’s Messenger
29 Al-Ankabut ٱلْعَنْكَبُوت
The Spider 69 (7) Makkah
  • The parable of ‘the spider house’, a symbol of false beliefs that are destined to be blown away by the winds of truth. (v. 41)
30 Ar-Rum ٱلرُّوم
The Romans, Rome, Byzantium 60 (6) Makkah
  • Predictions of the near victory of the Byzantines [over the Persians] and the Battle of Badr (2 A.H.). (v. 1-7)
  • God’s ability to resurrect the dead at the end of time, and the people’s ignorance of this.
31 Luqmaan لُقْمَان
Luqman 34 (4) Makkah
  • Affirming the wisdom of the Qur’ān, and offers pearls of wisdom narrated by Luqman
  • Some virtues of the believers
  • Presents evidence of God’s Power and Oneness
32 As-Sajda ٱلسَّجْدَة
The Prostration, Worship, Adoration 30 (3) Makkah
  • God’s creation.
  • God’s revelation and man’s acceptance or denial.
  • The Day of Judgement.
33 Al-Ahzaab ٱلْأَحْزَاب
The Clans, The Confederates, The Combined Forces 73 (9) Madinah
  • The War of the Confederates (The Battle of the Trench,).
  • Introduces laws pertaining to marriage and divorce
  • Describes new regulations concerning the law of inheritance and Islamic family life
  • The relationship between Muhammad and his family.
34 Saba (surah) سَبَأ
Sheba 54 (6) Makkah
  • Divine Oneness, the afterlife, and Prophethood.
  • The story of the people of Sheba, as an example of the impermanence of human power, wealth and glory. (v. 15-20)
  • Always be conscious of God. (v. 46)
35 Faatir فَاطِر
The Originator 45 (5) Makkah
  • God’s Oneness, the Hereafter, and the Messengership of Muhammad.
36 Yaseen يس
Yāʾ Sīn
Yāʾ Sīn (a name of Muhammad) 83 (5) Makkah
  • Man’s moral responsibility, resurrection and God’s judgment.
  • To be recited over the dying and in the prayers of the dead.
  • Three of the pillars of faith, namely the Divine Oneness, afterlife, and Prophethood
37 As-Saaffaat ٱلصَّافَّات
Those Who Set The Ranks, Drawn Up In Ranks, Those Ranged in Ranks 182 (5) Makkah
  • Emphasizes the afterlife and the Last Judgment.
  • Man’s constant need of prophetic guidance.
  • Stories of earlier prophets.
  • The angels’ duties and the jinn
38 Saad ص
Ṣād 88 (5) Makkah
  • Divine guidance and its rejection by those who are lost in fast pride.
  • It warns those who oppose the preaching of the Messenger.
  • Gives examples from the experiences of earlier Messengers.
39 Az-Zumar ٱلزُّمَر
The Companions, The Crowds, The Troops, Throngs 75 (8) Makkah
  • The evidence of the existence and oneness of God in all manifestations of nature.
  • God forgives all sins to him who repents before his death.
  • Allegories of the Last Hour and the Day of Judgment.
40 Al-Mumin or


The Believer, The Forgiver (God), Forgiving 85 (9) Makkah
  • Man’s false pride, worship of false values (wealth, power etc.) and his denial of divine guidance.
    • Stories of earlier prophets.
41 Fussilat فُصِّلَت
Expounded, Explained In Detail, Clearly Spelled Out 54 (6) Makkah
  • Man’s acceptance or rejection of divine revelation.
42 Ash-Shooraa ٱلشُّورىٰ
The Consultation 53 (5) Makkah
  • God is undefinable and unfathomable. (v. 11, 16)
  • All prophets taught the oneness of God, so all believers of all ‘denominations’ should see themselves as ‘one single community’. (v. 13, 15)
  • The law of cause and effect: In the life to come man will only harvest ‘what his own hands have wrought’ in this world.
43 Az-Zukhruf ٱلْزُّخْرُف
The Gold Adornments, The Ornaments of Gold, Luxury, Gold 89 (7) Makkah
  • Concentrates on some of the fundamentals of faith, namely God’s Oneness, Divine Messengership, and the afterlife; and it rejects certain false beliefs of ignorance, such as attributing daughters to God.
44 Ad-Dukhaan ٱلدُّخَان
The Smoke 59 (3) Makkah
  • Through revelation worldly pride is eventually brought to naught.
  • Concentrates upon the Qur’ān’s Divine authorship, on God’s being the unique Creator and Lord of the whole universe
45 Al-Jaathiyah ٱلْجَاثِيَة
The Kneeling Down, Crouching 37 (4) Makkah
  • Draws attention to God’s signs in the universe
  • Cites many of God’s favors to humankind
  • The history of the Children of Israel
46 Al-Ahqaaf ٱلْأَحْقَاف
Winding Sand-tracts, The Dunes, The Sand-Dunes 35 (4 1/2) Makkah
  • Warning the disbelievers of their miserable fate, and reassuring the believers of their salvation.
  • Presents some of the concrete proofs of the Messengership of the Prophet Muhammad
47 Muhammad مُحَمَّد
Muhammad 38 (4) Madinah
  • It deals with such matters as fighting, the treatment of prisoners of war, the distribution of the spoils of war
  • Instructions for Muslims to be virtuous to their parents.
  • The Story of Hud and the punishment of that befell his people.
  • Advising Muhammad to be more patient in delivering Islam
48 Al-Fath ٱلْفَتْح
The Victory, Conquest 29 (4 1/2) Madinah
  • The Truce of Hudaybiyyah
  • Criticizes the attitudes of the hypocrites, continues with further promises to the Muslims, and ends by mentioning certain important virtues of the Muslim Community.
49 Al-Hujuraat ٱلْحُجُرَات
The Private Apartments, The Inner Apartments 18 (2 1/2) Madinah
  • Social ethics.
    • Reverence to Muhammad and the righteous leaders after him.
    • The brotherhood of all believers and all mankind. (v. 10, 13)
    • The difference between true faith and outward observance of religious formalities. (v. 14 ff.)
50 Qaaf ق
Q̈āf 45 (3) Makkah
  • It mentions many phenomena in the universe that indicate God, and then concentrates on the afterlife.
51 Adh-Dhaariyaat ٱلذَّارِيَات
The Wind That Scatter, The Winnowing Winds, The Dust-Scattering Winds 60 (2 1/2) Makkah
  • It concentrates on the afterlife and God’s Oneness, and warns the unbelievers, reminding them what happened to many previous peoples who had obstinately persisted in unbelief and wrongdoing.
52 At-Toor ٱلطُّور
The Mount, Mount Sinai 49 (2 1/2) Makkah
  • It deals with the confused reactions of the Makkan polytheists to the revelation of the Qur’ān and how they made them look ridiculous.
53 An-Najm ٱلنَّجْم
The Star, The Unfolding 62 (2 1/2) Makkah
  • Muhammad’s experience of an ascension to heaven
  • It warns the polytheists about their attitude towards the Qur’ān.
54 Al-Qamar ٱلْقَمَر
The Moon 55 (2 1/2) Makkah
  • The splitting of the moon by a gesture of God’s Messenger
  • The people of Noah
  • The peoples of Lot
55 Ar-Rahman ٱلرَّحْمَٰن
The Most Merciful, The Most Gracious 78 (3) Madinah
  • The manifestations of God
  • Everything will pass away, except the face of God. (v. 26-27)
  • Description of paradise. (v. 46-78)
56 Al-Waqi’a ٱلْوَاقِعَة
The Inevitable, The Event, That Which Must Come to Pass 96 (3 1/2) Makkah
  • Description of life in the Hereafter for the believers and the disbelievers.
  • Proofs of God’s Existence and Oneness, and some characteristics of the Qur’ān.
57 Al-Hadeed ٱلْحَدِيد
The Iron 29 (4) Madinah
  • It deals with God’s absolute sovereignty, the necessity of sacrifice in God’s cause, and the passing nature of worldly pleasures.
58 Al-Mujadila ٱلْمُجَادِلَة
The Pleading, The Pleading Woman 22 (3 1/2) Madinah
  • Divorce.
  • Faith and denial.
  • Hypocrisy.
  • The attitude believers should have toward non-believers.
59 Al-Hashr ٱلْحَشْر
The Mustering, The Gathering, Exile, Banishment 24 (3 1/2) Madinah
  • The conflict between the Muslim community and the Jewish tribe of Banu’n-Nadir of Medina.
60 Al-Mumtahanah ٱلْمُمْتَحَنَة
The Examined One, She That Is To Be Examined 13 (2 1/2) Madinah
  • The believers’ relations with unbelievers.
61 As-Saff ٱلصَّفّ
The Ranks, Battle Array 14 (1 1/2 Madinah
  • A call to unity between professed belief and actual behaviour.
  • It stresses the importance of striving hard in the cause of God after faith.
62 Al-Jumu’ah ٱلْجُمُعَة
Congregation, Friday 11 (1 1/2 Madinah
  • Obligatory congregational prayer on Friday.
63 Al-Munafiqoon ٱلْمُنَافِقُون
The Hypocrites 11 (1 1/2) Madinah
  • It reveals the inner world of the hypocrites and their plots against Islam.
64 At-Taghabun ٱلتَّغَابُن
The Cheating, The Mutual Disillusion, The Mutual Loss and Gain, Loss and Gain 18 (2) Madinah
  • Concentrates on faith in God and the Hereafter
65 At-Talaq ٱلطَّلَاق
Divorce 12 (2) Madinah
  • Divorce (waiting period, remarriage).
66 At-Tahreem ٱلتَّحْرِيم
The Prohibition 12 (2) Madinah
  • Certain aspects of Muhammad’s personal and family life.
67 Al-Mulk ٱلْمُلْك
The Dominion, Sovereignty, Control 30 (1 1/2) Makkah
  • Man’s inability to understand the mysteries of the universe, and his dependence on guidance through divine revelation.
  • The manifestation of Gods’ absolute perfection in creation through the fine tuning of the universe.
68 Al-Qalam ٱلْقَلَم
The Pen 52 (2) Makkah
  • It categorically refutes some allegations of the polytheists against God’s Messenger.
  • It cites the perfect character of the Messenger
69 Al-Haaqqa ٱلْحَاقَّة
The Sure Reality, The Laying-Bare of the Truth 52 (2) Makkah
  • Draws attention to the Day of Resurrection and Judgment
  • The Divine origin of the Qur’ān and the Prophethood of Muhammad
70 Al-Ma’aarij ٱلْمَعَارِج
The Ways of Ascent, The Ascending Stairways 44 (1 1/2) Makkah
  • The unwillingness to believe, caused by the restlessness inherent in human nature.
71 Nooh نُوح
Noah 28 (1 1/2) Makkah
  • The story of Noah.
  • The struggle against blind materialism and the lack of spiritual values.
72 Al-Jinn ٱلْجِنّ
The Jinn, The Spirits, The Unseen Beings 28 (2) Makkah
  • Emphasizes God’s absolute Oneness and the Messengership of Muhammad
73 Al-Muzzammil ٱلْمُزَّمِّل
The Enfolded One, The Enshrouded One, Bundled Up, The Enwrapped One 20 (1 1/2) Makkah
  • Loosening the strict regulation on night prayer.
74 Al-Muddaththir ٱلْمُدَّثِّر
The One Wrapped Up, The Cloaked One, The Man Wearing A Cloak, The Enfolded One 56 (2) Makkah
  • This short early surah outlines almost all fundamental Qur’anic concepts.
  • Gods’ promise of eternal damnation for the disbelievers.
75 Al-Qiyamah ٱلْقِيَامَة
Resurrection, The Day of Resurrection, Rising Of The Dead 40 (1) Makkah
  • The concept of resurrection.
76 Al-Insaan ٱلْإِنْسَان
The Human, Man 31 (2) Madinah
  • It is about human perfectibility, the virtues of good believers and the reward they will get in the Hereafter.
77 Al-Mursalaat المرسلات ٱلْمُرْسَلَات
Those Sent Forth, The Emissaries, Winds Sent Forth 50 (1 1/2) Makkah
  • The gradual revelation of the Qur’an.
  • The functions of some classes of angels
78 An-Naba’ ٱلنَّبَأ
The Great News, The Announcement, The Tiding 40 (1 1/2) Makkah
  • Life after death.
  • Resurrection and God’s ultimate judgment.
79 An-Naazi’aat ٱلنَّازِعَات
Those Who Tear Out, Those Who Drag Forth, Soul-snatchers, Those That Rise 46 (1 1/2) Makkah
  • It reminds us of death, warns against those who deny the afterlife.
80 Abasa عَبَسَ
He Frowned 42 (1) Makkah
  • It stresses that everyone, whatever their family origin or social status, is equal with respect to the communication of God’s Message
81 At-Takweer ٱلتَّكْوِير
The Folding Up, The Overthrowing, Shrouding in Darkness 29 (1) Makkah
  • The Last Hour and man’s resurrection.
82 Al-Infitar ٱلْإِنْفِطَار
The Cleaving Asunder, Bursting Apart 19 (1/2) Makkah
  • Draws attention to the Hereafter
83 Al-Mutaffifeen ٱلْمُطَفِّفِين
The Dealers in Fraud, Defrauding, The Cheats, Those Who Give Short Measure 36 (1) Makkah
  • It explains enjoins honesty in dealings and presents some aspects of the afterlife.
84 Al-Inshiqaaq ٱلْإِنْشِقَاق
The Rending Asunder, The Sundering, Splitting Open, The Splitting Asunder 25 (1) Makkah
  • Warns people concerning God’s supreme Power
85 Al-Burooj ٱلْبُرُوج
The Mansions Of The Stars, The Constellations, The Great Constellations 22 (1) Makkah
  • Calls the believers to patience in the face of the persecutions
86 At-Taariq ٱلطَّارِق
The Night-Visitant, The Morning Star, The Nightcomer, That Which Comes in the Night 17 (1/2) Makkah
  • Concentrates on the Resurrection
87 Al-A’laa ٱلْأَعْلَىٰ
The Most High, The All-Highest, Glory To Your Lord In The Highest 19 (1/2) Makkah
  • God’s Power and Unity and the Revelation
88 Al-Ghaashiyah ٱلْغَاشِيَة
The Overwhelming Event, The Overshadowing Event, The Pall 26 (1) Makkah
  • The hardships and punishment the unbelievers will suffer in the Hereafter
89 Al-Fajr ٱلْفَجْر
The Break of Day, The Daybreak, The Dawn 30 (1) Makkah
  • Ancient peoples
  • Human nature and the wisdom of God’s testing humans
90 Al-Balad ٱلْبَلَد
The City, The Land 20 (1/2) Makkah
  • Invites people to help one another and prepare for the next life
91 Ash-Shams ٱلشَّمْس
The Sun 15 (1/2) Makkah
  • Attention a basic feature of humankind, namely its being created with a disposition or capacity to do both good and evil
92 Al-Layl ٱللَّيْل
The Night 21 (1/2) Makkah
  • Do the things for salvation and avoid the things for perdition
93 Ad-Dhuha ٱلضُّحَىٰ
The Glorious Morning Light, The Forenoon, Morning Hours, Morning Bright, The Bright Morning Hours 11 (1/2) Makkah
  • Man’s suffering and God’s justice.
  • A message of hope and consolation is given to man from Allah’s past mercies.
  • Man is bidden to pursue the path of goodness and proclaim the bounties of Allah.
  • Prophecy regarding the good future for Muhammad.
94 Ash-Sharh (Al-Inshirah) ٱلشَّرْح
The Expansion of Breast, Solace, Consolation, Relief, Patient, The Opening-Up of the Heart 8 (1/3) Makkah
  • God’s favors upon the Messenger
95 At-Teen ٱلتِّين
The Fig Tree, The Fig 8 (1/3) Makkah
  • A fundamental moral verity, common to all true religious teachings.
96 Al-Alaq ٱلْعَلَق
The Clinging Clot, Clot of Blood, The Germ-Cell 19 (1/2) Makkah
  • Implies the importance of knowledge, reading, and writing, and warns that people go astray by regarding themselves as being self-sufficient.
97 Al-Qadr ٱلْقَدْر
The Night of Honor, The Night of Decree, Power, Fate, Destiny 5 (1/3) Makkah
  • The Night of Laylat-ul-Qadr
98 Al-Bayyinahh ٱلْبَيِّنَة
The Clear Evidence, The Evidence of the Truth 8 (1) Madinah
  • God’s Messenger is the clear evidence for the truth of the Message
99 Az-Zalzalah ٱلزَّلْزَلَة
The Earthquake 8 (1/3) Madinah
  • Events during the Day of Resurrection
100 Al-‘Aadiyaat ٱلْعَادِيَات
The Courser, The Chargers, The War Horse 11 (1/3) Makkah
  • Praises the vanguards of Islam
  • Draws attention to some negative attitudes that exist in human beings
101 Al-Qaari’ah ٱلْقَارِعَة
The Striking Hour, The Great Calamity, The Stunning Blow, The Sudden Calamity 11 (1/3) Makkah
  • The dreadful occurrences on the Day of Resurrection, and the end of good and evil.
102 At-Takaathur ٱلتَّكَاثُر
The Piling Up, Rivalry in World Increase, Competition, Greed for More and More 8 (1/3) Makkah
  • Man’s greed and tendencies.
103 Al-‘Asr ٱلْعَصْر
The Time, The Declining Day, The Epoch, The Flight of Time, Success Criteria 3 (1/3) Makkah
  • Contains the basic teachings of the Qur’ān in a compacted form
104 Al-Humazah ٱلْهُمَزَة
The Scandalmonger, The Traducer, The Gossipmonger, The Slanderer 9 (1/3) Makkah
  • It warns against slandering and defaming, and seeing oneself as being above other people
105 Al-Feel ٱلْفِيل
The Elephant 5 (1/3) Makkah
  • The Abyssinian attack against Mecca in the year 570 CE, the Year of the Elephant.
106 Quraysh قُرَيْش
The Quraysh 4 (1/3) Makkah
  • The Quraysh, custodians of the Kaaba, should be thankful to God for protecting them from hunger and danger.
107 Al-Maa’oon ٱلْمَاعُون
The Neighbourly Assistance, Small Kindnesses, Almsgiving, Assistance 7 (1/3) Makkah
  • The meaning of true worship through sincere devotion and helping those in need.
108 Al-Kawthar ٱلْكَوْثَر
Abundance, Plenty, Good in Abundance 3 (1/3) Makkah
  • Spiritual riches through devotion and sacrifice.
  • Hatred results in the cutting off of all hope.
109 Al-Kaafiroon ٱلْكَافِرُون
The Disbelievers, The Kuffar, Those Who Deny the Truth 6 (1/3) Makkah
  • The correct attitude towards those who reject faith.
110 An-Nasr ٱلنَّصْر
The Help, Divine Support, Victory, Succour 3 (1/3) Madinah
  • The last complete surah revealed before Muhammad’s death.
111 Al-Masad ٱلْمَسَد
The Plaited Rope, The Palm Fibre, The Twisted Strands 5 (1/3) Makkah
  • The hostility of Muhammad’s uncle Abu Lahab.
112 Al-Ikhlaas ٱلْإِخْلَاص
Purity of Faith, The Fidelity, The Declaration of [God’s] Perfection 4 (1/3) Makkah
  • The oneness of God.
113 Al-Falaq ٱلْفَلَق
The Daybreak, Dawn, The Rising Dawn 5 (1/3) Makkah
  • Seek refuge in God from evil of others.
114 Al-Naas ٱلنَّاس
Mankind, Men 6 (1/3) Makkah
  • Trust in God’s protection from temptations.